Ontario (Canada) Curriculum

1. Covers 14 years of an individual’s life 

The Ontario Curriculum starts at Kindergarten which lasts two years. Students then enter Elementary School from Grade 1 to Grade 8. Literacy, numeracy and learning skills are established from Grade 1 to Grade 6. Next, Grades 7 & 8 prepare students for High School through active class participation and building a foundation in core subjects which are Mathematics, English, Arts and Social Studies. At High School, students enforce their knowledge in many subjects and learn lifelong skills.


2. Centred around six ‘Cs’ 

The core values of the curriculum consist of six ‘Cs’. Character education builds traits like honesty, responsibility and self-confidence. Citizenship create students with global knowledge and sensitivity to other cultures. Students are also taught how to improve their Communication skills in writing, listening and speaking. They also learn how to be Critical thinking and Problem-solving individuals through decision-making and project management. Next, the curriculum fosters Collaboration between students where they are able to work with others effectively. Lastly, Creativity and imagination encourages students to think outside the box and initiate new ideas.


3. Ongoing assessment and evaluation

Students of the Ontario Curriculum undergo ongoing assessment where their final grade is made up of 70% coursework and 30% examinations. Assessment for learning is carried out daily by teachers as they provide feedback to students. Next, Assessment as learning happens when students transform to become independent learners. On the other hand, Assessment of learning is the traditional evaluation of a student’s final mark in his report card. The aim of ongoing assessment and evaluation is to improve students’ learning and unlock their full academic potential.


4. Leads to the Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD) 

The Ontario Curriculum culminates in the OSSD at the end of High School. In order to graduate, students must gain 30 credits and pass the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT). Students are allowed to complete four credit subjects each semester. Other than exams, students carry out projects, assignments and independent as well as group work. Besides that, students need to fulfil a minimum 40 hours of community service to be granted the OSSD.


5. Development of real life skills and character

Other than academic excellence, the Ontario Curriculum aims to equip students with 21st century skills so that they will be able to tackle the challenges of a world that is rapidly changing. These skills include analytical thinking, organisational and research skills and adaptability. The curriculum also aims to shape students into global citizens who may find success in university and the workplace wherever they are in the world.


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